Explanation: The number of oranges a person eats would be 15 given the input (userin) of “analyst” and the following pseudocode:

Pseudocode is a simplified version of programming language that uses plain English words and symbols to describe the logic and steps of an algorithm or a program. Pseudocode can be used to plan, design, or test a program before writing it in an actual programming language. To find the number of oranges a person eats given the input (userin) of “analyst”, we need to follow the pseudocode line by line and evaluate the expressions or statements based on the input value.

Line 1: Declare userin as string

This line declares userin as a string variable, which means it can store text or characters.

Line 2: Declare oranges as integer

This line declares oranges as an integer variable, which means it can store whole numbers.

Line 3: Declare apples as integer

This line declares apples as an integer variable, which means it can store whole numbers.

Line 4: Set apples = 7

This line assigns the value of 7 to apples.

Line 5: Set oranges = 10

This line assigns the value of 10 to oranges.

Line 6: Input userin

This line asks for user input and assigns it to userin.

Line 7: If userin = “analyst” then

This line checks if userin is equal to “analyst”. Since we are given that userin is “analyst”, this condition is true and we proceed to execute the next line.

Line 8: Set oranges = oranges + apples

This line adds the value of oranges and apples and assigns it back to oranges. Since oranges is 10 and apples is 7, this line sets oranges to 17.

Line 9: End if

This line marks the end of the if statement.

Line 10: If userin = “manager” then

This line checks if userin is equal to “manager”. Since we are given that userin is “analyst”, this condition is false and we skip the next line.

Line 11: Set oranges = oranges - apples

This line subtracts the value of apples from oranges and assigns it back to oranges. Since this line is skipped, oranges remains 17.

Line 12: End if

This line marks the end of the if statement.

Line 13: Set oranges = oranges - 2

This line subtracts 2 from oranges and assigns it back to oranges. Since oranges is 17, this line sets oranges to 15.

Line 14: Output oranges

This line displays the value of oranges, which is 15.

Therefore, the number of oranges a person eats would be 15 given the input (userin) of “analyst” and the following pseudocode. References: CompTIA IT Fundamentals+ Study Guide: Exam FC0-U61, Second Edition, Chapter 4: Programming Concepts and Data Structures, page 142.